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Cleopatra Tryphaena, Queen of Syria by TLKFANKING
Cleopatra Tryphaena, Queen of Syria
Name: Cleopatra Tryphaena

Titles: Queen of Syria, Princess of Egypt

Family
Daughter of Pharaoh Ptolemy VIII Physcon and Queen Cleopatra III. Sister of Pharaoh Ptolemy IX Lathyrus, Queen Cleopatra IV, Queen Cleopatra Selene, and Pharaoh Ptolemy X Alexander. Wife of King Antiochus VIII Grypus. Mother of Seleucus VI Epiphanes, Laodice VII Thea, Antiochus XI Philadelphus, Philip I Philadelphus, Demetrius III Eucaerus, and Antiochus XII Dionysus.

History
Cleopatra Tryphaena was the third daughter and fifth child of Physcon and Cleopatra III. She was born in Alexandria, Egypt in 138. When she was about 8, her family went into exile on the Island of Cyprus after her maternal grandmother/paternal aunt, Cleopatra II seized power. However her parents returned to Alexandria in 126 BC.

Tryphaena married her maternal cousin, Antiochus VIII Grypus, King of Syria. Together they had six children, five boys and a girl who would later go on to be queen of Commegene. 

Civil war broke out between Grypus and his half-brother, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus. Cyzicenus was married to Cleopatra IV, Tryphaena's older sister who was formerly married to their brother Lathyrus. 

Tryphaena had her sister killed in the Temple of Daphne outside the capital of Syria, Antioch. A year later, Cyzicenus killed Tryphaena to sacrifice her to her sister.
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Roxana by TLKFANKING
Roxana
Roxana was the daughter of a simple Bactrian baron of the Balkh named Oxyartes. When Alexander The Great conquered that region, he married her on the Sogdian Rock in 372 BC. Many of his Chief Generals and advisers spoke against the marriage as they saw Roxana as a savage and expected Alexander to marry a Macedonian wife. 

Alexander died in 323 BC, while Roxana was pregnant with Alexander's only legitimate son. Upon his death, Roxana killed Alexander's two other wives, the Persian princesses Stateira and Drypetis.

She allied herself with Olympias, Alexander's mother. Her son, Alexander IV was raised to be King along with his uncle, Philip III. When Cassander invaded Macedonia, Roxana fled with her son, mother-in-law and the Regent Polyperchon. They allied with the House of Aeacides and drove Cassander out of Macedonia.

The tides soon turned and Cassander return to Macedonia and had Olympias stoned. Roxana and her young son were sent to Amphipolis. 

The Third War of the Diadochi came to an end when Cassander, Lysimachus, Seleucus, Ptolemy and Antigonus made peace with each other. In the peace treaty, it was clear that Alexander IV would be King of Macedonia. However Cassander violated this treaty and had Roxana and 12-year old Alexander killed in 311 BC.
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Arsinoe II, Queen of Thrace and Egypt by TLKFANKING
Arsinoe II, Queen of Thrace and Egypt
Arsinoe was born to Pharaoh Ptolemy I Soter(the founder of the Ptolemaic Dynasty) and his second queen, Berenice I. Arsinoe had an older brother, Ptolemy Philadelphus and a sister, Philotera. She had three older half-siblings on her mother's side: Magas, king of Cyrene, Antigone, Queen of Epirus and Theoxena, Queen of Syracause. Through her father's first marriage wirh Eurydike she had five siblings: Ptolemy Keraunos, Lysandra, Ptolemais, Meleager, and Argeaus. There was a battle struggle between Queen Berenice and Queen Eurydike whose son would succeed Soter as King.

When she was fifteen, Arsinoe married Lysimachus, King of Thrace. Her brother Philadelphus married Lysimachus' daughter also named Arsinoe. Arsinoe had three sons with Lysimachus: Ptolemy I Epigone, Lysimachus, and Philip. But before any of them could take the throne, she had to expel her husband's older children. His son Agathocles married her half-sister Lysandra and had issue. His daughter Eurydike was put to death after she sided with her husband Antipater.

In 282 BC, Ptolemy I Soter died and Ptolemy II Philadelphus ascended to the throne as King. Ptolemy Keraunos came to live in Thrace with his sister and her husband. Arsinoe's accused Agathocles of trying to steal the throne. Lysimachus executed Agathocles. Thus clearing the way for Arsinoe's own son. But Lysandra and Keraunos allied with Seleucus I Nicator and made war on Lysimachus and Arsinoe. 

During the Battle of Corepedium, Lysimachus was killed. Thus Thrace became part of the Seleucid Empire. However Keraunos betrayed Seleucus and killed him, than sided with Arsinoe against Lysandra. Arsinoe married her half-brother, citing ancient egyptian traditions, ruling over Thrace, Macedonia and parts of Asia. However soon the siblings were at each other's throats. Arsinoe tried to drum up support so that her sons could rule but Keraunos found out and killed Lysimachus II and Philip. Arsinoe and her oldest son escaped to Alexandria, Egypt where her older brother ruled as Pharaoh.

Though having lost Thrace, Arsinoe tried her best to incorporate herself into her brother's inner circle. When Arisnoe I, Ptolemy II's wife tried a coup against him and failed, he divorced her and sent her away to Thebes. Arsinoe married her brother and was crowned co-regent, becoming the first female Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Dynasty.
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Cleopatra Selene I, Queen of Syria by TLKFANKING
Cleopatra Selene I, Queen of Syria
Cleopatra Selene was the youngest daughter of Pharaoh Ptolemy VIII Physcon and his second wife, Cleopatra III. She was sister to Pharaoh Ptolemy IX Lathyrus, Queen Cleopatra IV, Queen Cleopatra Tryphaena, and Pharaoh Ptolemy X Alexander. Her paternal grandparents was Pharaoh Ptolemy V Epiphanes and Queen Cleopatra I. Her maternal grandparents where Pharaoh Ptolemy VI Philometor and Queen Cleopatra II. 

Cleopatra Selene was born in Alexandria, Egypt. She spent some of her childhood on the island of Cyprus after her parents lost the throne to her grandmother, Cleopatra II. But when her got the upper hand, the family returned to Alexandria. 

Cleopatra Selene's older brother married their sister Cleopatra IV. Selene's other sister, Cleopatra Tryphaena married King Antiochus VIII Grypus. 

Physcon died on June 26, 116 BC. In his will he left the Ptolemaic province of Cyrenaica to Selene's bastard brother Ptolemy Apion. He also decreed that Queen Cleopatra III was to reign with one of her chosen sons. Initially Cleopatra chose Alexander but was forced to chose Ptolemy IX Lathyrus. However, after Cleopatra IV was seen incapable of bearing a son, Cleopatra Selene married her Lathyrus. 

In 103 BC, Selene and Cleopatra III turned against Lathyrus, exiling him from Egypt. Selene later married her deceased sister Tryphaena's widow, Antiochus Grypus. But he died after a year. Selene than married her other sister's widow, Antiochus IX Cyzicenus who was also half-brother to Grypus. 

After he died, Selene married Antiochus X Eusebes, Cleopatra IV's son with Cyzicenus. They had two sons, Antiochus XIII Asiaticus and Seleucus VII Kybiosaktes. After Eusebes was killed in 83 BC by Parthians, she escaped to Cilicia.

When her niece/stepdaughter/sister-in-law Berenice III and her nephew Ptolemy XI Alexander died, Cleopatra Selene tried to assert her sons claims to the throne of Egypt. However the Alexandrian chose Pharaoh Ptolemy X Alexander and Queen Berenice III's daughter, Cleopatra V along with one of Lathyrus' illegitimate sons, Ptolemy XII Auletes. 

Cleopatra Selene was killed by Tigranes the Great while fighting over Armenia in 69 BC.
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Berenice of Cilicia by TLKFANKING
Berenice of Cilicia
Berenice was born in 28 AD. She was the daughter of Herod Agrippa, the King of Judea and his wife, Cypros. She had an older brother named Agrippa II and two younger sisters, Mariamne and Drusilla. When she was fifteen, Berenice married Marcus Julius Alexander but the marriage lasted only as year as Marcus died in 44 AD. 

Berenice went on to marry her uncle, Herod of Chalcis. They had two sons: Berenicianus and Hyrcanus. When her husband died in 44 AD, she and her sons lived in Judea with her brother the King.

But rumors began spreading that she was having an incestuous relationship with Agrippa II. She married Polemon of Pontus to stop such rumors but she soon divorced him and returned to Judea.

Though she was Queen of many countries, Berenice was treated like a co-ruler. During the Great Jewish Revolt, Roman Governor plundered the Temple of Jerusalem for taxes and persecuted the Jews. Berenice tried to plead with the Roman Governor but was almost killed in a skirmish. 

The roman general Vespasian and his son, Titus were able to put down the rebellion. During this time, Titus and Berenice fell in love. When Vespasian became Emperor in 69 AD, Berenice and Agrippa went to Rome where Berenice lived with Titus. However after being cynics insulted her, Berenice was sent away.

When Titus became Emperor in 79 AD, she returned to Rome. However Titus sent her away again. After Titus' death on September 13, 81 AD, Berenice isn't mentioned again. 
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:iconmr-sinister2048:
mr-sinister2048 Featured By Owner Jan 13, 2015   General Artist
Thank you for the fave!
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:iconsilverli0n1:
SilverLi0n1 Featured By Owner Dec 10, 2014  Hobbyist Digital Artist
HAPPY BIRTHDAY!!
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:iconarven92:
ARVEN92 Featured By Owner Nov 2, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thanks for the watch :)
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:icondazzy-p:
DAZZY-P Featured By Owner Oct 30, 2014
Thanx for watching!
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:icondemonfirekirara:
DemonFireKirara Featured By Owner Oct 26, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
:iconthxfavplz:
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:iconwolffnoelle:
WolffNoelle Featured By Owner Oct 21, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thanks for the watch!
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:icondabhaid-cridlehian:
dabhaid-cridlehian Featured By Owner Oct 15, 2014
thanks for the fav
-_^
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:iconthe-mongoose:
the-mongoose Featured By Owner Sep 20, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thanks for the favorite on Claudius! I have more than one portrait of him, I don't know if you saw the updated one from 2013. Anyway, thanks for stopping by! :wave:
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:iconklieo:
Klieo Featured By Owner Sep 3, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
Thank you so much for the favorite! :D
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:iconemmieycathiey:
EmmieyCathiey Featured By Owner Sep 3, 2014
Thank you for favoriting my picture. 
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